London is full of life and greener than many think. This blog is a celebration of the nature of our Capital and a snapshot of the RSPB London team's work. Visit us weekly or sign up for our RSS feed to keep up to date on events, comment, campaigns and news.If you've got news of London's nature that you'd like to share, contact the RSPB London team on 020 7808 1260 or email email@example.com
It seems there are more bird species in the world than we had previously thought.
A report from the International Union for Conservation of Nature [IUCN] identifies 350 newly recognized bird species. Great news.
The bad news is that 25% of those newly discovered species are on the road to extinction. Add to this another report concluding Insects, worms and other small animals that carry out vital functions for life on earth have declined by 45% on average over 35 years, and you could be left with a feeling of dread.
Nature is in trouble.
We've know that for a while now and have been looking at ways to resolve the problem. Or should I say problems. There is no single "thing" driving these declines. It's a cocktail of impacts but some will take issue with me and say that "mankind" is the single "thing" causing problems. That's another argument.
I'm interested in solutions to the disappearing wildlife. Many of the answers lie in the provision of natural food stocks and places for nature to live. It's easily within our abilities to influence both of these. The thing is, we're also looking at ways to feed ourselves and house ourselves. In our rush to fix the human needs, we overlook nature's needs; with a few excellent exceptions.
There are great examples of farmers going that extra mile for wildlife; of developers including greenspace and nesting sites; commercial shoots that conserve wild species and habitats alongside game birds and lots more river, marine, power and transport initiatives that should be applauded. As always, there are extremes, so there are an equal number of bad examples where nature is deliberately targeted as it's seen as bad for business.
Love Parks week is a great time to get outdoors to discover nature and see or yourself some of the solutions being pioneered by council's and land managers to support and improve urban nature. Wild About Hampstead Heath, our own Heritage Lottery Funded partnership project offers a range of events and activities; London's many other parks have hundreds of events planned over the summer holidays too.
The revolution required to turn the tide will take place in our homes and workplaces. The arguments for being an eco-warrior have never been so compelling. Whether justification for lagging your home comes from a desire to reduce carbon or the suggestion that it would be a form of protest against Vladimir Putin's stance on the Ukraine, your actions have positive environmental, economic and social impacts. The same is true of the food you buy. If you have any doubts, read our Square Meal report on the importance of a balanced food, farming and environmental approach.
Nature is a public "right". It sustains and shapes us. We ignore and abuse it at our peril with plenty of lessons from history to show the consequences of our actions or inactions. It's such a pity we have short memories.
I took a call this morning from a lovely lady called Elsie Pilbeam.
She and her partner, Tony, used to live near some flats off east London's Dunston Road on what was then the Haggerston Estate. They used to enjoy watching house martins zoom down to the nearby Regents' Canal to gather wet mud for building their nests under the eaves of the flats. The estate is now almost completely gone, apart from one block which has three active nests. Elsie says she's seen small heads poking out of the dry-mud nests and added that there are crusty scars of old nests, testament to the fact that there used to be far more martins here.
Elsie and Tony still live locally and regularly walk past the site. They've kept nature diaries for the past 25 years, so know what they're talking about. She spoke fondly of the swifts nesting near her new home but there's a sad note to her voice when she states confidently that there are far fewer swifts and martins than there used to be.
There were more than 400 homes on the old estate. The plan is to replace them with 761 new homes made up of flats and houses with community facilities. These human homes are desperately needed, but so too are homes for nature. There's plenty of research showing the importance of integrating nature and architecture. The benefits for people and wildlife are huge; yet far too many new developments still fail to deliver on their promises.
Architects and builders have few excuses. There's even a new British Standard to help them. BS42020 lays out clear templates and guidance reflecting international and national targets to halt the loss and decline of biodiversity by the year 2020. 60% of our UK species are vanishing and much of this decline is because we've removed or altered the places wildlife calls home. So will the new Haggerston estate have space for martins? Elsie, Tony and I certainly hope so and we'll be looking out for them.
RSPB London is in discussion with others, such as London Wildlife Trust, on the practicalities of establishing a new task force of monitors, ensuring environmental promises made in planning applications are delivered and maintained. Too often, irresponsible developers drop "green" promises or falsely claim to have delivered green infrastructure. At the moment it's unchecked. For those who say... "So what!" Without wildlife much of the food you buy would not be available. More trees, green spaces, shrubs and hedges can help manage the impact of climate change; reducing air temperatures and humidity and reducing the risk of flash floods from heavy downpours. Nature saves you money and provides all the essentials you need to live. When rogue developers fail to meet the promises they made to gain planning permission, they cheat tax payers and harm wildlife. It's time these cowboys were brought to book.
London's packed. Stuffed with some eight million people and many billion other creatures, all encircled by the greenbelt and the ligature of the M25.
So it's no surprise that occasionally conflict arises between nature and people or the infrastructure that people rely upon.
In north London there's a row between residents and Network Rail. The latter want to undertake some emergency habitat work and, based on past experience, the residents are concerned that more habitat will be removed than is necessary. British Transport Police are arbitrating and hopefully a mutually agreed solution will be found. A couple of years ago there was a similar confrontation in the same area and I made an emergency weekend visit to see if breeding birds would be disturbed by some rushed embankment clearance.
Habitat work at this time of year is generally avoided as most species are sitting on eggs on nests. Disturbing them would be illegal. But if say, a train signal was being obscured by a leafy branch, the law has to decide whether nature trumps safety. It currently feels as though there's huge effort being put into stripping legislation or watering it down in favour of investment. Economic arguments are not the same as human safety concerns and I'd always put nature over greed. Once you've destroyed or removed a tree or a species, it and all it supports or provides is gone forever. Greed on the other hand will always find a way to further itself.
It's not just these legal areas where conflict arises. In a bizarre repetition of history, blonde women joggers are avoiding south west London's Eltham Park where crows seem to have a grudge against moving, fair-haired individuals. In a scene that sounds reminiscent of Alfred Hitchcock's The Birds, crows have pecked and clawed at a number of people unlucky enough to trigger a reaction from the birds. The exact same thing happened in the same park back in 2010. The crows may well be acting in self-defence. We know they have good memories and we know they will fiercely protect their nests when breeding. One popular theory is that these birds in Eltham Park suffered either at the hands of an unknown blonde (male, female or possibly non-human such as a fair haired or furred creature) at some point in the past.
One victim, named in an article n the Sun newspaper as Sarah Green, said: "The bird swooped down very fast, landed on my head and started pecking away. It felt quite big and strong and had its claws in my hair. I was shaking my head and flapping my arms trying to get it off. The bird flew off but soon returned “harder and faster,” tearing off the bobble holding Sarah’s hair in place. She added: “It’s put me off running around the park. I think I’m going to stick to the roads.”
Then there's the possibility of nature having an impact on nature and being observed or interpreted by people. Social media has been highlighting the sudden appearance of carp in the Regent's Canal. They may well have been there in large numbers for years but they are currently very visible as they're spawning and do so in shallow, warm water at the edges of waterways where eggs will lodge in weeds. This high visibility has led to speculation that the fish are to blame for the lack of baby ducks, coots and moorhens on this stretch of the canal. Fish have been known to eat baby birds, but, the two observations might not be linked.
Tolerance and respect are required for successful coexistence in a crowded city and an insatiable appetite for discovery and understanding always helps.