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Conservation status: Red

A huge woodland grouse, the large black males are unmistakable. They spend a lot of time feeding on the ground, but may also be found in trees, feeding on shoots. localised breeding species, found in Scottish native pinewood, a rare and vulnerable habitat, and in commercial conifer plantations. The UK capercaillie population has declined so rapidly that it is at very real risk of extinction (for the second time) and is a 'Red List' species.

Illustrations

Overview

Latin name

Tetrao urogallus

Family

Grouse (Tetraonidae)

Where to see them

Confined to native pinewoods. Occasionally seen from hides at RSPB Abernethy Forest, Loch Garten reserve.

When to see them

All year round.

What they eat

Berries, shoots and stems.

Population

EuropeUK breeding*UK wintering*UK passage*
--800-1,900 birds-

Distribution

Key

In the UK
Scotland

Audio

Patrik Aberg, Xeno-canto

Similar birds

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