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Conservation status: Amber

While its black plumage identifies it as a crow, the chough (pronounced 'chuff') has a red bill and legs unlike any other member of the crow family. It has a restricted westerly distribution in the British Isles and because of its small population size and historically declining populations it is an Amber List species. It readily displays its mastery of flight with wonderful aerial displays of diving and swooping. Found in flocks in autumn and winter.



Latin name

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax


Crows (Corvidae)

Where to see them

Rocky coasts with short grassland. RSPB reserves at South Stack, Anglesey; Loch Gruinart, Islay; and along the Causeway coast, N Ireland.

When to see them

All year round.

What they eat

Insects and larvae


EuropeUK breeding*UK wintering*UK passage*
-250-350 pairs in Great Britain; 120-150 pairs on the Isle of Man--



In the UK
Wales, W Scotland, N Ireland and SW England.


Olivier Grosselet, Xeno-canto

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