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Conservation status: Red

A medium-sized, plump gamebird with a distinctive orange face. Flies with whirring wings and occasional glides, showing a chestnut tail. It is strictly a ground bird, never likely to be found in pear trees! Groups of 6-15 (known as coveys) are most usually seen outside the breeding season. Once very common and widespread, it has undergone serious declines throughout most of its range and is a Red List species.



Latin name

Perdix perdix


Partridges, quails, pheasants and allies (Phasianidae)

Where to see them

They are traditionally found in lowland arable areas of Great Britain from the chalk areas in the south, into East Anglia, Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire, reaching into the north of England and the East of Scotland as far as Aberdeenshire. There are small populations in other parts such as the permanent rushy pastures in the north Pennines. They are largely absent from N Ireland.

When to see them

All year round.

What they eat

Leaves, seeds and insects


EuropeUK breeding*UK wintering*UK passage*
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Patrik Aberg, Xeno-canto