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Conservation status: Red

The velvet scoter is a black seaduck. It has a long bill, a thick neck and a pointed tail. In flight, it shows a white patch on the rear of the wing - this can also be seen when birds sitting on the sea flap their wings. This species does not breed in the UK, but is a winter visitor to the east coast, especially in Scotland, Norfolk and north-east England. The large flocks in winter are vulnerable to oil pollution and depleted fish stocks.



Latin name

Melanitta fusca


Swans, ducks and geese (Anatidae)

Where to see them

The best place to look is from seawatching points on the east coast, particularly from Norfolk northwards. Birds may be seen in small groups, often loosely associated with flocks of common scoters.

When to see them


What they eat

Shellfish, crabs, sea urchins, fish, insect larvae and plants.


EuropeUK breeding*UK wintering*UK passage*
--2,500 birds-



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