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Conservation status: Red

Between blue and great tits in size, with no yellow, green or blue. It has a large sooty-black cap extending to the back of the neck and a small untidy black bib. It is mid-brown above, with whiter cheeks and pale buff-grey underparts. Its wings show a pale panel not found in marsh tits. Its recent population declines make it a Red List species.



Latin name

Poecile montanus


Tits (Paridae)

Where to see them

Found mainly in England and Wales, with some in S Scotland. Willow tits are often, but by no means exclusively, found in willow thickets in damp places, such as the edge of lowland peat bogs, marshes, and around gravel pits.

When to see them

All year round

What they eat

Insects, seeds and berries.


EuropeUK breeding*UK wintering*UK passage*
-3,400 pairs--




Patrik Aberg, Xeno-canto

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