Gorse is very important for birds and for invertebrates. Find out how to manage it successfully.
One of the major agricultural changes that has affected farmland birds in Britain has been the loss of mixed farming. Livestock farming predominates in north and west Britain and there has been a decline in arable crops.
Arable land can be reverted to grassland to increase the variety of habitat in predominantly arable areas. It may help to buffer or link up areas of important grassland, to protect and extend existing habitats, to strengthen farm landscapes or to protect underlying archaeological features.
Moorland gripping is the practice of digging ditches to drain wet areas of heath and blanket bog. Gripping was a practice particularly widespread in the northern uplands in the 1960s to the mid 1980s, often encouraged by grant aid.
Several wetland birds of conservation concern, notably wading birds, breed on farmland.
Damp grassland on farmland is a very important breeding habitat for lapwings, curlews, redshanks, snipe and reed buntings.
Rats need to be controlled in many situations, but rodenticides are also toxic to other wildlife, domestic livestock and pets. The best policy is to prevent rat populations building up in the first place, consider alternative methods of control, use first generation rodenticides where there is no resistance, and finally, if second generation rodenticide use is required, follow instructions carefully to ensure they are used safely.