The Danube Delta is the second largest delta in Europe and one of the biggest in the world. It is the only delta in the world entirely declared (in 1990) as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.
Designated as a Ramsar site in 1990, it has the biggest area of compact reed beds on the planet. In the European Union it is designated as both a Special Protection Area (SPA) and a proposed Site of Community Importance (pSCI).
With 30 types of ecosystems and 5,300 flora and fauna species, the Danube Delta is a natural genetic bank with inestimable value for our global natural heritage (a fact which has been recognized by its inclusion in the World Heritage List under the World Cultural and Natural Heritage Convention).
The Razim-Sinoie lagoon complex is the part of the SPA/pSCI and the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBR) is the largest lagoon area in Romania covering 101,500 ha. This area is isolated from the Black Sea by beach ridges (levees) that divide the former lagoon into a mosaic of lakes and wetlands.
Over 320 bird species have been identified in the SPA/pSCI, 97 of which are listed in Annex I of Birds Directive, 151 under the Bonn Convention on migratory species and 17 are globally threatened species. The Danube Delta Natura 2000 site is important for hundreds of thousands of birds. During the migration period, about 130,000 to 250,000 birds can be seen each day, especially geese, ducks, gulls and waders.
Globally threatened species include: lesser white-fronted goose, imperial eagle, greater spotted eagle, ferruginous duck, red-breasted goose, pallid harrier, roller, saker falcon, lesser kestrel, red-footed falcon, great snipe, Mediterranean gull, slender-billed curlew, white-headed duck, Dalmatian pelican and Balearic shearwater.