What we do
The Dalmatian pelican is arguably one of the most beautiful and charismatic breeding birds in Europe. Nevertheless, it is extremely vulnerable within its entire geographic distribution. This major five year project is actively conserving the major breeding population of Dalmatian pelicans in the Romanian Danube Delta, as well increasing overall protection of the species by aiming to improve its condition at breeding, staging and wintering sites.
The Dalmatian Pelican is classified as ‘Vulnerable’ across its whole geographical distribution and is particularly vulnerable because its small European population is concentrated at only a few sites. The European population of Dalmatian Pelican is crucial for the survival of the species, as the two major subpopulations (with about 700 pairs in Greece and around 400 pairs in Romania) are the last remaining strongholds of the species outside the former Soviet Union, where large declines have been noted in recent decades. In Romania, all the colonies are located within the internationally renowned Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve.
The main factors causing large declines in the 20th century were drainage of wetlands, destruction of colonies by fisherman, illegal hunting, and collision with electric power lines. New threats have arisen recently, including disturbance at breeding and roosting sites caused by tourists, birdwatchers and photographers, and persecution due to competition with commercial fisheries during post-breeding dispersion and migration and on wintering grounds. Collision with power lines is especially critical at colonies close to these obstacles. Locally, water erosion, storms and flooding, reed overgrowth and the sinking of floating islands may threaten colonies.
Mark DayHead of Partner Development Unit - Europe, Middle East and Central AsiaE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Romanian Ornithological Society Life project www.dalmatianpelican.ro
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve Administration www.ddbra.ro
Romanian Ornithological Society www.sor.ro
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds www.rspb.org.uk