The honey buzzard is sensitive to and strongly affected by disturbance and interference with habitat, especially in the breeding season.
Population levels tend to be depressed in areas which are used heavily for e.g. recreation and housing. Shooting of migratory birds in the Mediterranean is a serious threat, particularly to the inexperienced juvenile birds.
Security of active nests is increased by nest watches organised by local volunteers. General woodland conservation action will also help to secure the habitat for honey buzzards.