Greenland white-fronted geese are endangered and under serious threat of extinction - the global population is now below 20,000 birds and the wintering population in Wales is at critically low levels. In the late 1990s, over 160 birds returned to their regular wintering site on the Dyfi estuary. That figure was down to only 24 last year with a small number of sightings at one or two other places in north Wales. But, astonishingly, the Welsh Government announced this week (17 August) that it will not implement a total ban on shooting white-fronted geese across Wales.
According to RSPB Cymru Director, Katie-jo Luxton, "When a species is declining so quickly that it is under threat of extinction, you'd think the least that those in power could do is to offer it legal protection to prevent it from being shot."
"It is not clear how the Cabinet Secretary for Environment and Rural Affairs came to this decision, but what we do know is that she has gone against the advice of Natural Resources Wales, Welsh Government's own statutory nature conservation and environmental regulator, as well as the opinions of a number of Wales' conservation organisations and a large numbers of individuals."
In February 2016, the Welsh Government launched a public consultation to gather feedback on various options on promoting the conservation of both races of white-fronted geese in Wales: the endangered Greenland white-fronted goose and the globally more common, but still threatened in the UK, European white-fronted goose. These options ranged from a complete ban on shooting white-fronted geese, to maintaining the current voluntary ban on shooting the Greenland race on land over which wildfowling clubs have specific rights to shoot. (Note 3)
RSPB Cymru urged the public to ask the Welsh Government to introduce a total ban on shooting both races of these birds. 75% of people who responded supported an option for a total ban, while only 6% objected to this option. (Note 2)
But such a large weight of opinion for a total ban was clearly not enough for Welsh Government and it has opted to maintain the current voluntary ban. This now leaves Wales as the only country in the world where families of Greenland white-fronted geese overwinter regularly, where they aren't legally protected from being shot.
Katie-jo Luxton continued, "It goes without saying that we're bitterly disappointed with this decision, especially as the Welsh Government claims in its response statement that it's "crucial we do all we can to conserve this iconic bird". Our Government leads the world on warm words for nature, but we are not seeing this backed up with the conservation action required."
The world population of these geese is in severe decline and, whilst the voluntary ban has been successful to date where participating wildfowling clubs shoot, voluntary measures cannot protect these birds in flight during migration, or in their movements between roosting and foraging sites, where no voluntary agreement is in place.
RSPB Cymru is urging for the Welsh Government to commit to fund not only the additional research it has committed to in its response statement, but also the subsequent conservation action arising from this study, to ensure Wales plays its part in saving these stunning migratory birds and ensure that they are part of our landscape for generations to come.
1. The RSPB is the UK's largest nature conservation charity, inspiring everyone to give nature a home. Together with our partners, we protect threatened birds and wildlife so our towns, coast and countryside will teem with life once again. We play a leading role in BirdLife International, a worldwide partnership of nature conservation organisations. www.rspb.org.uk
2. For full breakdown of the consultation responses click here.
3. The voluntary ban covers all 'grey' geese to protect white-fronted geese in mixed flocks.
Last Updated: Friday 26 April 2019