Government must get tough on raptor killers, says RSPB

Katie Phoenix

Friday 3 February 2017

Government must get tough on raptor killers, says RSPB

Birds of prey continue to be illegally targeted as another rare bird is found to have been shot

· New RSPB report shows illegal killing of birds of prey is still unacceptably common with 196 reports of shooting and destruction of birds of prey and 50 reports of wildlife poisoning and pesticide related offences across the UK in 2015

· The charity believes tougher legislation and enforcement is essential if birds of prey are to thrive in their natural environment again

· The body of a hen harrier, which fledged in 2016, has been recently found in Northumberland. Whilst it appears to have died with a disease, it had survived being illegally shot on an earlier date.

Illegal persecution of birds of prey is still happening all too regularly in the UK countryside according to the RSPB's Birdcrime 2015 report, published today in a new onlineinteractive format, and the charity is asking governments across the UK to take urgent action now to stop this slaughter.

The report reveals in 2015 there were 196 reports of shooting and destruction of birds of prey including the confirmed shooting of 16 buzzards, 11 peregrines, three red kites, one red-footed falcon and one hen harrier. Of the total 92 confirmed persecution incidents, 61% occurred in England, 29% in Scotland, 9% in Northern Ireland and 1% in Wales.

In the week that the charity launches its annual wild bird crime report, news has emerged that a hen harrier has been found dead in Northumberland. Post mortem evidence indicates that the satellite tracked hen harrier, named Carroll, had died with an infectious disease but was carrying two shotgun pellets, having survived an earlier shooting incident. The bird was satellite tagged and fledged last summer as part of the RSPB's Hen Harrier LIFE project and is yet further shocking evidence that birds of prey continue to be illegally targeted.

Birdcrime 2015 also shows 50 reports of wildlife poisoning and pesticide-related offences. Confirmed victims of poisoning include 15 buzzards, four red kites, and three peregrine falcons. These figures represent only a fraction of the illegal persecution in the UK, with many incidents going undetected and unreported.

Despite raptor persecution being identified as one of the UK Government's top wildlife crime priorities in 2009, the persecution of birds of prey still remains an issue of serious concern with around 590 birds of prey having been confirmed poisoned, shot, trapped or destroyed in the last six years.

In 2015, a satellite tagged hen harrier, Annie, was found shot dead in Scotland in March, with another tagged bird "Lad" found dead, with injuries consistent with being shot, on Speyside in September. In England, another five breeding male hen harriers 'disappeared' from nesting sites. Although we will probably never know the fate of these individuals, the evidence4 shows that illegal killing remains the single biggest factor preventing hen harrier recovery.

In November last year, news emerged that another satellite tagged hen harrier, named Rowan, was also found dead with injuries consistent with being shot, and only three pairs of hen harriers successfully bred in England in 2016, despite there being enough suitable habitat to support over 300 pairs.

Martin Harper, RSPB Director of Conservation, said: "Our birds of prey are magnificent creatures and the sight of a hen harrier's dramatic skydancing display flight is simply breathtaking. Everyone should be able to witness this but sadly many people are denied this opportunity. Our uplands are deprived of some amazing wildlife because of ongoing illegal persecution and it has to stop."

It is not only conservation organisations fighting for the protection of our wildlife. Public anger is growing stronger over the ongoing persecution of our birds of prey and the state of our uplands, and more voices are beginning to call for change.

Martin Harper said: "There is growing public support to reform driven grouse shooting. People care deeply about the future of our birds of prey and their concerns must not be ignored.

"The status quo is not an option and we continue to call, throughout the UK, for the introduction of a robust licensing system for driven grouse shooting and an offence of vicarious liability for employers whose staff commit wildlife crime. Change is essential if we are to improve the environmental condition of our uplands."

For the first time in January 2015, an Aberdeenshire gamekeeper, George Mutch, received a four months prison sentence for the killing of a goshawk, the illegal use of two cage traps, and the taking of a buzzard and a second goshawk. The offences came to light during the review of footage captured by RSPB video cameras deployed on the Kildrummy Estate in August 2012, as part of a long-term project monitoring the use of cage traps in Scotland.

Bob Elliot, RSPB Head of Investigations, said: "This sentence shows that people who continue to break the law and kill protected species face the prospect of prison. The gamebird shooting community needs to demonstrate that its activities are sustainable and don't rely on the illegal killing of birds of prey. And our governments need to demonstrate a strong commitment to enforcing wildlife laws and to making sporting estates more accountable for what takes place on their land."

The RSPB is working hard to protect birds of prey, and projects such as the RSPB Hen Harrier LIFE project includes a combination of satellite tracking this threatened species, protecting their nests, monitoring and undertaking research, raising awareness among the public and working with volunteers, land owners and local communities to protect these birds.

The charity believes a change in attitude from some within the gamebird shooting industry and a commitment from the government to toughen up on legislation enforcement is essential if birds of prey are to thrive in their natural environment again.

The report can be viewed at


1. The RSPB is the UK's largest nature conservation charity, inspiring everyone to give nature a home. Together with our partners, we protect threatened birds and wildlife so our towns, coast and countryside will teem with life once again. We play a leading role in BirdLife International, a worldwide partnership of nature conservation organisations.

2. Birdcrime is a unique publication. It is the only centralized source of incident data for wild bird crime in the UK. The RSPB does not record all categories of wild bird crime. Instead we focus on recording crimes that affect the conservation status of species, such as bird of prey persecution and threats to rare breeding birds.

3. All birds of prey have been protected since the 1954 Protection of Birds Act (except for the sparrowhawk which received protection in 1961).

The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 is the primary legislation which protects animals, plants and certain habitats in the UK. Under the act all wild birds, their nests and eggs are protected.

4. A JNCC report 'A Conservation Framework for Hen Harriers in the United Kingdom' states "In England the hen harrier is threatened with extinction because of illegal persecution (Natural England 2008), and as such DEFRA have recently added it to the government's list of species considered of principal importance for conserving England's wildlife."

5. Reporting a wildlife crime: Crimes against wildlife should be reported to the local police via the 101 number. Crimes against wild birds can also be reported to the RSPB online or by calling the RSPB. If you have any sensitive information about the illegal killing of birds of prey, please report it by calling the RSPB's confidential hotline on 0845 466 3636. Calls to this number are not recorded and will be treated in the strictest confidence.

Last Updated: Tuesday 28 August 2018

Tagged with: Country: UK Topic: Birds of prey