From Celtic rainforests in Wales to invertebrates in Scotland and bird lovers in Yorkshire, funding from the European Union supports cooperation, collaboration and conservation across the UK and Europe.
They once covered the western seaboard of Europe, but now Celtic rainforests are mostly found in Wales, Scotland and Ireland. They are characterised by the abundance of mosses, liverworts and lichens, which thrive due to the temperate, wet, humid conditions. But they are under threat from invasive species, especially the Rhododendron ponticum.
Funding from EU LIFE programme and the Welsh Government will support the restoration of four Celtic rainforest areas in Wales, including Snowdonia, Cwm Einion, Cwm Doethie and the Elan Valley.
“These natural forests feature strongly in Welsh folklore, but have become undervalued and degraded in recent times. This project will help us restore these mysterious and special places, and encourage the people to celebrate and enjoy these places – and hopefully inspire a new generation of Welsh folklore writers,” said Katie-jo Luxton, Director of RSPB Cymru.
Co-operation Across Borders for Biodiversity (CABB)
Across Northern Ireland, Scotland and the Republic of Ireland our boglands are under threat. Many of these habitats are suffering the consequences of years of drainage, inappropriate grazing, lack of management and climate change, so we took action!
Supported by the European Union’s INTERREG VA Programme and managed by the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB) the CABB project is working with farmers, landowners, statutory agencies and other key organisations to improve conditions and allow nature to thrive once more at some of our most precious sites.
Led by RSPB NI with the help of our partners in RSPB Scotland, Birdwatch Ireland, Butterfly Conservation, Moors for the Future and Northern Ireland Water, we conduct habitat management work at key sites to protect the peatlands, wet grasslands and machair which provide vital homes for wildlife such as curlew, lapwing, hen harriers and marsh fritillary butterflies.
Rare invertebrates in the Cairngorms
Some of the country’s rarest invertebrate species can be found in the Cairngorms National Park in Scotland, such as the silver stiletto fly, Kentish glory moth, pine hoverfly, shining guest ant, dark bordered beauty moth and small scabious mining bee.
The Rare Invertebrates in the Cairngorms project aims to conserve six species of invertebrates by learning more about them, finding new sites for them, working with landowners and managers to help protect their habitats and developing a community of volunteers to monitor the six species.
This project is part-financed by the Scottish Government and the European Community LEADER 2014-2020 programme.