Puffin Fratercula arctica, group, Isle of May National Nature reserve

Firth of Forth

Nature conservation designations across the Firth of Forth reflect the importance of this area, the complex of estuarine habitats and the species that it supports.

About this megasite

The Firth of Forth is located on the east coast of Scotland, stretching more than 100km west to east from the heart of the central belt to the coasts of East Lothian and Fife.

The estuary, the coastal and offshore regions of the Firth of Forth, its islands, and adjacent areas are home to an abundance of bird species of international importance. 

Nature conservation designations across the Firth of Forth reflect the importance of this area, the complex of estuarine habitats and the species which it supports, including: 

  • The Firth of Forth SPA (Special Protection Area) designated for supporting internationally important numbers of waterfowl including bar-tailed godwit, plover, knot and eider. The SPA is underpinned by the Firth of Forth Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), which is of importance for a variety of geological and geomorphological features, coastal and terrestrial habitats, vascular plants, invertebrates, breeding, passage and wintering birds.
  • The Firth of Forth is also a RAMSAR site due to the wide range of waterfowl it accommodates.
  • The Forth Islands SPA, located at the mouth of the Forth supports internationally important numbers of seabirds, including fulmar, gannet and puffin and is also underpinned by the Isle of May SSSI and SAC (Special Area of Conservation).
  • New Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are being developed under the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010, with the Firth of Forth Banks Complex, located just off Scottish Territorial Waters, identified as an important search location with potential for being designated an MPA. 
Knot Calidris canutus on the artificial lagoon; high tide wader roost at Freiston Shore RSPB reserve, The Wash, Lincolnshire

Map

Cases in this site

Pink footed geese Anser brachyrhyncus, in flight past wind turbines, Near Diepholz, Lower Saxony, Germany,

Forthbank wind turbines, Clackmannanshire

We are pleased to report that planning permission for two turbines has been refused.

Energy
Puffin peeking out from burrow

Forth and Tay Wind Farms

Scottish Ministers have granted consent for four offshore wind farm developments in the Firths of Forth and Tay region.

Energy Marine
Ringed plover charadrius hiaticula, adult amongst razorshells. Side view. Titchwell beach, Norfolk

Rosyth International Container Terminal

We are supporting Scottish Natural Heritage's objection to a development which could cause significant harm to the SPA.

Industry Transport