A close up of the trees in Harapan rainforest, used as a background

The Convention on Biological Diversity

The global treaty to save biodiversity

What is the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)?

CBD logo

The CBD is a global agreement that aims to bring the world together under a ten-year plan to reverse the loss of biodiversity. It is a crucial space for countries to make decisions together on nature, for the benefit of all people and the planet. These decisions made at an international level guide and shape national and local action taken for nature.

What next for the CBD?

Rows of chairs at a CBD conference

At the 2010 meeting of the CBD, countries agreed to a set of 20 global targets which aimed to halt biodiversity loss. These came to an end in 2020 and few of these targets were achieved by the majority of countries, including the UK, as our ‘Lost Decade’ report in 2020 highlighted.

We are now negotiating new targets for the next decade, which countries will again commit to achieving. These range from tackling species extinctions and recovering populations, to addressing unsustainable agriculture, to tackling plastic pollution. Alongside these targets, the money to deliver them, and the methods of monitoring progress are also being discussed. The new framework will be adopted at CBD COP15.


Image © IISD ENB Photographer Mike Muzurakis

How is RSPB involved?

People at a convention

We are closely following the CBD negotiations and providing scientific and policy recommendations to countries to support an ambitious outcome at COP15.

In doing so we support the work of BirdLife International, with its dynamic partnership that spans the globe, and collaborate closely with a range of international NGOs. We are also raising the profile of the CBD, helping politicians, decision makers, and the public to better understand why the CBD is important for us all.


Image © IISD/ENB Photography

What do we want to see from the CBD?

Country flag poles

The new CBD framework’s priority must be to globally halt and reverse biodiversity loss by 2030. This must include ambitious targets for species and habitat recovery and the practical steps needed to tackle the drivers of biodiversity loss.

To ensure a decade of success, we must commit resources and financing to implement the targets and make the process more accountable and transparent. Without these foundations, the world will agree to the targets with no means to deliver them.


Image © Joao Araujo Pinto

Demonstrating leadership

Greylag geese in flight

For the CBD to drive success these global commitments need to be implemented at local, devolved, and national levels. We’re calling on the UK and its four countries to set an example by not just ‘talking the talk’ but genuinely ‘walking the walk’.

With BirdLife Europe and Central Asia we are also challenging the EU to play a more significant role in the development of the framework, and to show what is possible by developing and implementing strong policies.