Record number of stone-curlews nesting on Suffolk Coast

Rupert Masefield

Friday 17 June 2016

The stone-curlew stars of BBC Springwatch may have had a tough time of it at Minsmere this month, but landowners continue to secure the future of one of the UK's rarest breeding birds as chicks successfully hatch in their UK stronghold of the Brecks and a record number of breeding pairs is recorded on the Suffolk Coast.

Millions of viewers have enjoyed a unique insight into the family life of nesting stone-curlews on this year's edition of the popular wildlife programme at the RSPB's flagship nature reserve on the Suffolk Coast. Sadly, the single egg being incubated and protected by the dedicated parents failed to hatch, but the picture is still bright for stone-curlews on the Suffolk Coast and in their stronghold on the Norfolk/Suffolk border, in the wildlife rich Brecks.

The mild winter saw stone-curlews - migratory birds that escape the colder months by traveling to North Africa - arriving back from their Mediterranean wintering grounds in February, earlier than usual, but a cold snap in the spring delayed the start of nesting and the first nest wasn't located until mid-April.

To date, of the 112 nesting stone-curlew pairs the RSPB is monitoring in the Brecks so far this year 65 have successfully hatched chicks, which will soon by flying. Meanwhile, 10 of the Suffolk Coast's record 15 breeding pairs this year are at Minsmere, with many also already raising chicks.

This iconic Brecks bird was given Red status on the RSPB's list of threatened UK breeding birds after numbers of stone-curlews breeding in the UK fell by more than 85% between 1940 and 1985, largely due to loss of breeding habitat: low-lying dry grassland and heath.

Originally, stone-curlews nested on grass heathland in the Brecks but as this habitat has gradually disappeared, stone-curlews increasingly took to nesting on arable farmland. Their camouflaged eggs are laid on the sandy ground in "scrapes", leaving them vulnerable to machinery operations.

Through an EU Life+ funded project, the RSPB provides advice to landowners in the Brecks to help them create stone-curlew plots where the birds can nest safely away from farm operations, avoiding the need to intervene to protect or even move nests located on cropped land. This simple measure has led to a dramatic turnaround in stone-curlews' fortunes. Since 2010, the number of stone-curlews nesting on these safe plots in Brecks farmland has doubled, and there are now approximately 240 breeding pairs in East Anglia, up from fewer than 100 in 1985.

Tim Cowan, RSPB Breckland Stone Curlew Project Officer, said: "Thanks to farmers and landowners in the area, we have been able to create the very special conditions that stone curlews need to nest successfully, and its working!

"We've been delighted to see lots of chicks around over the past few weeks, and monitoring suggests they are doing well. We are not quite sure what the impact of recent wet weather might be for our chicks, but fingers crossed they'll weather the storms and more clement times ahead will give them the best chance of making it to adulthood.

"Without nest protection and the diligent efforts of farmers and landowners in the Brecks, the species may well have become extinct here by the turn of the century. It is fantastic to witness the dedication and pride that landowners, estate managers and gamekeepers take in conserving the stone-curlew and other Brecks wildlife, now and for future generations to enjoy."

Brecks farmer Peter Smith has enjoyed great success with the stone-curlew nesting plots he has created at Hall Farm in Wordwell: "As part of our agri-environment agreement we've been able to create two areas of bare ground specially to encourage stone-curlews to nest. This year we have a pair of stone-curlews on each plot and both nests have hatched chicks, which are perfectly camouflaged against the stony sandy soil. It's brilliant that they have nested on the plots, where the nests are much safer from potentially being damaged than they would be if they'd nested amongst the sugar beet crop. This means we can still help the birds by giving them somewhere to nest on the farm without having to interrupt our farming operations to protect or move nests to safety."

The RSPB's advisory work with farmers and landowners is funded by the EU LIFE+ project "Securing the future of the stone-curlew", which aims to make the continuing existence of the species as breeding bird in the UK more sustainable.

As well as helping the RSPB to raise awareness of how landowners can support the species through direct interventions to protect nests, the project is allowing the conservation charity to trial land management techniques that can be used across the wider landscape to make stone-curlews less reliant on direct protection by conservationists.

To find out more and contact the RSPB's farmland advisory team in the Brecks, visit

1. The 1,000 square kilometres of the Brecks straddles North Suffolk and South-West Norfolk on the border with Cambridgeshire and is one of the UK's top sites for wildlife and outdoor tourism.

Sandy soils, unique climatic conditions and historic land use in the Brecks region of East Anglia have contributed to creating unique wildlife habitats consisting of rare heathland, vast forests and wildlife-friendly farmland. Home to a huge array of truly special wildlife, the stone-curlew is considered a 'flagship species' for the area.

Nearly 13,000 species have been recorded in the patchwork of habitats including the UK's biggest lowland pine forest and important areas of grass heath set among large areas of arable farmland.

For more information:

Futurescapes - The Brecks

2. After wintering in Southern Spain and North Africa, stone-curlews often return to the same area to nest each year.

3. In recent years, due to the population increase, stone curlews are now Amber listed

4. Stone-curlew populations depend on European protection and research funded through the EU LIFE programme.

Stone-curlews are listed on Annex 1 of the EU Birds Directive as a species requiring "special conservation measures". They are also a priority species on the UK Biodiversity Action Plan. Stone-curlews are protected by three internationally important Special Protection Areas which are also Sites of Special Scientific Interest and include the Brecks farmland.

In 2012, the RSPB secured funding for a four year LIFE+ information and communications project: Securing the future of the stone-curlew throughout its range in the UK to promote sustainable habitat management for the species. Securing the stone-curlew is funding three advisers to help farmers and landowners to create more safe nesting habitat.

LIFE is the EU's financial instrument supporting environmental, nature conservation and climate action projects throughout the EU. Since 1992, LIFE has co-financed some 4,171 projects, contributing approximately €3.4 billion to the protection of the environment and climate.

5. To keep up to date with all RSPB news in the Eastern Region:

Last Updated: Tuesday 28 August 2018

Tagged with: Country: England Topic: Conservation