Osprey Pandion haliaetus, adult female landing at eyrie with moss

Osprey family

Ospreys are a specialised, fish-eating bird of prey, most similar to the buzzards or eagles in general appearance.

Seen in flight from below, the osprey has white or slightly mottled underparts. They catch fish by diving and have a long hook on their bill to tear them apart. Their legs and feet are specially adapted too, with an outer toe that can turn backwards, spiny scales on the soles of the feet and remarkably long, arched, pointed claws - all ideal for grasping muscular fish. There is just one species, very widely spread around the world.