• Scientific name: Talpa europaea
  • Type: Mammals

Key information

A mole looks very distinctive, if you can see one. It has a rounded body, velvety, grey-black fur, spade-like front claws, a short, furry tail, tiny eyes and a pink, pointed snout. They are found throughout mainland Britain, but not Ireland, wherever the soil is deep enough for tunnelling.

Moles are often considered pests by gardeners and farmers. They live underground, tunnelling up to 20m a day and leaving characteristic mounds of earth on the surface – molehills. They also dig out large chambers, which they line with dry grass for resting. Once made, mole tunnels are often used by several generations.

Moles are solitary creatures, except during the breeding season. After mating the female gives birth to a litter of up to five young during the summer.

What they eat:

Earthworms and insect larvae. Sometimes also lizards and tiny snakes.


Up to 16cm
Up to 128g

Identifying features:

Natural habitats: Lawn/grassy area Meadow area Woodland area

Where and when to see them

You might find molehills throughout the garden - they are especially conspicuous on the lawn. Also in woods, fields, grassland and parks.

Moles are rarely seen above ground. Molehills usually appear in the spring, summer and autumn.

  • jan
  • feb
  • mar
  • apr
  • may
  • jun
  • jul
  • aug
  • sep
  • oct
  • nov
  • dec