To minimise the effects on biodiversity, there are two challenges. We need to reduce the threat of climate change by lowering greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation), for instance by using renewable energy. We also need to consider how to adapt conservation work to help species to cope with the effects of climate change (adaptation).
The RSPB carries out research primarily on three fronts and often in partnership with others. First, we monitor species and undertake diagnostic work to determine how climate change is impacting biodiversity.
Secondly, we test the usefulness of solutions such as protected area designation or land management techniques to help conserve biodiversity in the face of climate change impacts. Thirdly, we conduct research to understand the impacts of renewable energy technologies on wildlife.