Build a bug hotel
Create a bug hotel to provide hidey-holes for creatures galore. Building a bug hotel (also known as a wildlife hotel or stack) in your garden can provide a safe hideaway for wildlife and help make use of your garden waste. A well-built hotel can shelter anything from hedgehogs to toads, solitary bees to bumblebees, and ladybirds to woodlice. You can build your bug hotel at any time of year, but you might have the most natural materials such as straw, dry grass and hollow plant stems in autumn. Short on time or DIY skills? Then why not buy a ready-made insect hotel from our shop?
Watch our how-to video on building a bug hotel
Choose a suitable site.
It needs to be level and the ground firm.
You’ll get different residents depending on where you place your hotel, as some like cool, damp conditions and others (such as solitary bees) prefer the sun. If you have vegetable beds, keep it a good distance away from them.
The basic structure. You will need a strong, stable framework that's no more than a metre high!
Old wooden pallets are perfect for a large hotel as they’re sturdy and come with ready-made gaps. Start by laying some bricks on the ground as sturdy corners. Leave some spaces in between the bricks for critters to move in. Add three or four layers of wooden pallets on top of your bricks. If you leave larger ends, you’re more likely to attract hedgehogs.
Fill the gaps.
The idea is to provide all sorts of different nooks and crannies, crevices, tunnels and cosy beds.
- dead wood and loose bark for creepy crawlies like beetles, centipedes, spiders and woodlice
- holes and small tubes (not plastic) for solitary bees made out of bamboo, reeds and drilled logs
- larger holes with stones and tiles, which provide the cool, damp conditions frogs and toads like – if you put it in the centre you’ll give them a frost-free place to spend the winter (they’ll help eat slugs)
- dry leaves, sticks or straw for ladybirds (they eat aphids) and other beetles and bugs
- corrugated cardboard for lacewings (their larvae eat aphids, too)
- dry leaves which mimic a natural forest floor
- you can even put a hedgehog box into the base of the hotel.
Add a 'roof'.
When you think you've gone high enough, put a roof on to keep it relatively dry. Use old roof tiles or some old planks covered with roofing felt.
You could even give it a 'green' or 'brown' roof by putting a bit of rubble or gritty soil on top. Only plants that love dry conditions cope up there, but some wildflower seeds could arrive on the breeze and take root.
Pop some wildflower seeds around the hotel to give food for butterflies, bees and other pollinating insects.
If you want, choose a name for your hotel and put a sign up outside. Be sure to share your new home on social media to inspire others to do the same!