RSPB Giving Nature a Home Campaign

Create a cosy starling home

Activity time:
More than 2 hours
Difficulty level:
Suitable for:
Balcony/roof, Small garden, Large garden, Medium garden
To help:

Put up a starling nest box in your garden and give them a safe home where they can roost and raise their chicks.

Our starling populations have plummeted by about two-thirds since the 1970s. The good news is that they readily take to new nestboxes we put up. 


You can put up a starling box whenever you like, but early spring is ideal - ready for the nesting season, which starts in April.


Watch them taking in twigs and straw while nest building. And then listen for the loud chicks once they hatch, clamouring for attention as their parents bring in food!


If you don’t have time or the DIY skills, why not buy a box (or two! Starlings like having neighbours).


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What you will need

  • A plank of FSC timber 18cm x 1.6m x 1.5-1.8cm thick
  • Pencil and tape measure
  • Saw
  • Nails
  • Strip of waterproof rubber
  • Ladder 
  • Drill 
  • Ideally a special drill bit for making 4.5cm round holes
  • Screws 
Starling nestbox

Apex starling nestbox

Certified timber nest box designed with 4.5cm entry hole

View shop

Step-by-step guide

Starling or house sparrow nest box_large.jpg

  1. Find a suitable place for your nestbox. It will need to be under the eaves of your house or on a mature tree. Make sure you have permission before erecting any box on a property.

    It should be at least 3m (10 feet) from the ground, facing somewhere between north and east to avoid it getting too hot or wet. It needs to be out of direct sunlight, and ideally not over a doorway, window or well-used path. 

  2. Make sure you have the right wood. The thickness is important to insulate the box from cold and heat, and to stop the box warping. You can use exterior-quality plywood (for a light box) or, for something more durable, hardwoods (such as oak and beech) or soft wood (such as pine, but this will deteriorate more quickly). Buy timber approved by the Forest Stewardship Council – look for the FSC logo – that has not been pressure treated.

  3. Measure and cut your wood. Mark and saw your plank according to the diagram. Remember to drill some holes in the bottom for drainage.

    If you don't have the special drill bit for making a 4.5cm round hole, you can use a jigsaw to cut a square or wedge-shaped hole at the top of the front.

    Note: the dimensions shown are for 15mm thick wood. If your wood is different to that, the dimensions of the Base should be 180mm by 180mm minus 2 x thickness, eg if the wood is 18mm thick, the base should be 180mm x 144mm.

  4. Nail all the pieces, except the roof, together. The sides, back and front 'wrap around' the base.

  5. Attach the roof. It’s best to use screws rather than nails so you can get into the box at a later stage to clean it out. Use a waterproof strip to make a hinge along the top edge, such as a piece of bicycle tyre inner tube, damp-proof membrane or roofing felt. Drill guide holes at the top and bottom of the box's backing plate. This is where you’ll screw the box to its final home.

  6. Put your box up. If fixing to a wall, use screws and Rawlplugs. If fixing to a tree, use adjustable ties so you don’t harm the tree, like thick fencing wire threaded through a strip of hosepipe, with the bare ends twisted together at the back. As the tree grows you can adjust the wire. If you don't have wire and pipe, you can use timberfix bolts screwed into the tree.

  7. Once the box is up, watch in spring for a pair coming to claim their new home. They will take in twigs and straw and then things may go quiet during incubation. However, once the chicks have hatched, you'll hear the chicks clamouring for attention as their parents bring in food! While it is tempting to take a peek into your newly-built nestbox, birds don't like disturbance and are protected by law when they’re raising a family. So just sit back and enjoy from a distance.

Creating a cosy starling home

Watch this short video on how to encourage these charismatic birds to breed in your garden.

Create a cosy Starling home/Saw/Drill/Hinge/Bang/Fix/Position/Des-Res

Cosy home for starling video screenshot

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